The fact that no penalty is imposed if Adam defaults simply means that the amount of interest in the murabaha contract is set at $2,000.  This amounts to a Ḥiyal or a legal “trick” to defeat the intent of Sharia law.  The Panel reaffirms the resolution of the Second Conference on Islamic Banks in Kuwait regarding Murabahah`s sales and reservations regarding coercion. The text of the resolution follows: Islamic banker Irfan deplores the fact that “murabaha`s money market is not only insufficiently developed and illiquid, but that respect for Sharia law has been questioned,” often by Islamic scholars who are not known for their rigor.  The bank`s profits are essentially the difference between the purchase price, which is in cash, and the deferred sale price. This difference is closely linked to rising interest rates, which sometimes raise suspicions about islamic banking. However, they are not the same. The markup in Murabahah is part of a sale price, it is fixed only once and does not change over time. The bank can calculate the price (cost-plus) in any way, including on the basis of such a calculation based on the current LIBOR. Once established, it cannot be changed, even if the customer defaulted on his debts or was late. Although the principle is easily distinguishable from the mark-up, such a distinction should remain an accounting year. Murabaha is a purchase contract, the price is only an amount and contractually it must always be treated as such. (Also Bai` muajjal abbreviated as BBA, and known as credit sale or deferred payment sale).
According to reports, the most popular type of Islamic financing is the higher-cost murabaha in a credit selling environment (Bay Bithaman `ajil) with “an additional binding promise to the client to buy the property, thus reproducing the secured loans in a Shariah-compliant manner.” The concept was developed by Sami Humud, and shortly after it became popular, Islamic banking began its strong growth in the late 1970s.  A variant of Murabahah (known as “Murabahah to the Purchase Orderer” after Muhammad Tayyab Raza) allows the customer to act as an “agent” of the bank, so that the customer buys the product with the funds borrowed from the bank.  The customer then repays the bank in the same way as a cash loan. While this is not “preferable” from a Sharia perspective, it avoids additional costs and the problem of a financial institution lacking the expertise to identify the exact or best product, or the ability to negotiate a good price.  Murabaha, also known as cost-plus financing, is an Islamic financing structure in which sellers and buyers agree on the cost and mark-up of an asset. The surcharge is interesting, which is illegal in Islamic law. As such, Murabaha is not an interest-bearing loan (qardh ribawi), but an acceptable form of credit sale under Islamic law. As with a rental agreement, the buyer does not become the true owner until the loan is paid in full. A purchase contract between the bank and its customer for the sale of goods at a price plus an agreed profit margin for the bank.
The contract includes the purchase of goods by the bank, which then sells them to the customer for an agreed surcharge. The refund is usually made in several instalments. THE MINISTER – There does not seem to be any legal obstacle to the bank buying shares and then selling them to a third party through Murabahah if the company`s cash does not exceed its tangible value, and provided that the company`s activities are in no way involved in the illegal activity, such as. B wear, or intoxicants or pork or similar. Tawarruq (also called “inverted Murabaha” and sometimes “Warenmurabaha”), also allows the bank`s client to borrow money instead of financing a purchase, and has also been criticized by some lawyers.  Unlike a Bay al-ina, it is another party in addition to the customer, the Islamic bank and the seller of the goods. In Tawarruq, the customer would buy a certain quantity of a commodity (a commodity that is not a “medium of exchange” or that is prohibited in riba al-fadl, such as gold, silver, wheat, barley, salt, etc.).  by the bank, which must be paid in instalments over a certain period of time and sells these goods on the spot market (the buyer of the goods is the additional party) against payment in cash.    (The purchase and sale of goods is usually done by the bank on behalf of the customer, so “anything that changes hands are papers that are signed and then returned,” according to one researcher).  An example would be the purchase of copper worth $10,000 on credit for $12,000 payable over two years and the immediate sale of copper to the buyer in external cash for $10,000 in cash.
There are additional fees for buying and selling goods compared to a cash advance, but the additional $2,000 is considered a “profit” rather than an “interest” and therefore not haram according to the promoters. A – Murabahahah`s sales are well known in Sharia law and are legal by consensus, whether they are made in cash or on credit. Moreover, the misconception that Murabahah includes interest as a sale on credit is unfounded, and the same goes for concerns about sales of term loans. Murabaha is the most popular and common type of Islamic inncing. It is also called supplement or cost plus financing. The word Murabaha is derived from the Arabic word Ribh, which means profit. Originally, Murabaha was a purchase contract in which a commodity is sold at a profit. The seller is obliged to inform the buyer of his oriental price and the profit he makes. This contract was slightly modified for application in the financial sector, and in its modern form, Murabaha became the most popular financial technique among Islamic banks around the world. It is estimated that 80-90% of the financial operations of some Islamic banks fall into this category. The Murabaha financing method works as follows: the client turns to an Islamic bank for financing in order to buy a specific commodity. An interest-based bank would lend the money on interest to that customer.
The customer would leave and buy the required goods on the market. This option is not available for Islamic banking as it does not work on the basis of interest. He cannot lend the money on interest. .